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August 2022

The effect of behavioral techniques on participation in a geriatric music/exercise program

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of music combined with visual/verbal prompts and reinforcement on participation in a music exercise program. Subjects were 22 residents of nursing homes who ranged in age from 67 to 95 years and who were divided into three groups. A multiple baseline design was used with group 1 receiving baseline, reinforcement, prompts; with group 2 receiving baseline, prompts, reinforcement, baseline; with group 3 receiving baseline, prompts and reinforcment. Results were graphed and demonstrated that the addition of visual/verbal prompts to a music exercise program increased participation by an average of 20%. Visual/verbal reinforcement increased participation by an average of 19% in two groups but had no affect above baseline in group 3.

Note: behavioral-techniques, music-exercise-program.

Keyword(s): behavior-modification, behavioral-approach, geriatric, music, exercise, nursing-home, reinforcement.

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