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January 2022

The relationship between musical and activity elements of music therapy sessions and client responses: An exploratory study

Journal/Book: Music Therapy: The Journal of the AAMT. 1985; Philadelphia, PA. American Association for Music Therapy P.O. Box 27177 19118 Philadelphia, PA USA. journal article.

Abstract: The relationship between musical and activity elements of music therapy sessions and client responses was investigated in this study. Responses of substance abuse clients in music therapy groups and of music therapy students in a training group were studied. The variables of the music therapy sessions included: whether live or recorded music was used, whether the music was improvised or composed, the type of music (e.g., folk, classical), the instrumentation, the type of music therapy activity, and whether or not discussion was included. The responses were ratings of involvement/participation, enjoyment, quantity of feelings, intensity of feelings, and tension level. Results were analyzed using multiple regression teschniques with the session elements as predictors. It was found that different elements influenced the two populations, and that different elements also affected varying responses.

Keyword(s): musical-experience, music-therapy-students, chemical-dependence, music-therapy, activities, music-therapy-activities.


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