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January 2022

The effect of simulation and observation training on the music teaching behaviors of undergraduate music therapy majors in a field teaching experience

Journal/Book: Journal of Music Therapy. 1985; Silver Spring, Maryland, USA. National Association for Music therapy. journal article.

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of observation and simulation activities on the music teaching behaviors of music therapy/music education students in a field teaching situation. Subjects were students enrolled who were required to teach a song by rote to a small group of 4-5 year old preschoolers. Three groups-control, experimental A, and experimental B were randomly assigned to three conditions. All groups received investigator-prepared lesson plans and age-appropriate songs. In addition, experimental group A received training in the use of a field teching observation form while viewing videotapes of previous teaching experiences. Experimental group B received the same observation training and practiced teaching their song in simuation with peer evaluation via the observation form. The control group received no such training before teaching commenced. Results of the data analysis indicated that observation training and the combination of such training with simulation activities had a significant effect on three points of evaluation of teacher behaviors.

Keyword(s): effect, simulation, observation, observational-techniques, training, music-therapy-students, music-teacher, practicum, practicum-supervision, music-education, behavior

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