Pain. 1984 Apr; 18(4): 367-76.
Dynorphin: important mediator for electroacupuncture analgesia in the spinal cord of the rabbit.
Intrathecal injection of 12 nmol of dynorphin elicited marked analgesia as measured by tail flick latency, the effect being about 20 times more potent than with morphine. This analgesic effect could be reversed by naloxone at a dose 1.5-fold higher than that needed to reverse morphine analgesia. Intrathecal injection of anti-dynorphin antibody blocked electroacupuncture (EA) analgesia by 77%, the effect lasting for at least 4 h. In rabbits made tolerant to EA analgesia by long-term EA stimulation, intrathecal injection of dynorphin no longer exhibited an analgesic effect. No analgesia was noticed when dynorphin (10 nmol) was injected into the periaqueductal grey (PAG) of the rabbit, nor was EA analgesia blocked by anti-dynorphin antibody injected into PAG. These results suggest that dynorphin reduces nocifensive responses in the spinal cord and may play an important role in mediating EA analgesia at the spinal level.