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June 2020

The effects of different types of relaxation music on tension level

Author(s): Roberts, A. R., Halpern's-music, new-age-music, superlearning-music.

Journal/Book: Journal of Music Therapy. 1984; 21: Silver Spring, Maryland, USA. National Association for Music Therapy 8455 Colesville Rd., Suite 930 20910 Silver Spring, Maryland USA. 177-183..

Abstract: This study compared the effects of two different kinds of relaxation music on tension level during a single twenty-minute training session. The treatment conditions were: (a) Halpern's music, (b) "superlearning" music, and (c) no music. The dependent variable was the subject's tension level as measured on a ten-point anchoring scale. A one-way analysis of vari- ance over the nine different time periods indicated no significant differences between treatment conditions for seven of the time periods. Analysis of the two significant differences on the third and fourth time periods indicated that the group listening to Halpern's music had higher tension levels than did the group not listneing to music. Further research exploring changes in tension level over time are suggested.

Keyword(s): music, music-listening, tension, relaxation-training.

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