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October 2021

Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1980 ; 63(3): 250-7.

Suppression of anaphylactic reactions in guinea pigs by previous treatment with ragweed aerosol.

Blanchard GC, Pathak SK, Gardner RE, Berman LD.

Guinea pigs subjected to intranasal dusting with ragweed (RW) pollen or intranasal instillation of RW extract (RWE) showed anaphylactic reactions when subjected to RW extract aerosol (RWE). These animals, however, did not respond to an aerosol of RW whole pollen. Animals which received the RWEA treatment prior to nasal dusting with RW pollen showed no subsequent anaphylactic reactions when exposed to RWEA. Both the aerosol-sensitive and the aerosol-nonresponsive animals exhibited high titers of homocytotropic antibodies to RWE. In addition, the aerosol-nonresponsive animals also had precipitating antibodies of IgG type. The state of nonresponsiveness did not appear to be due to the precipitating antibodies, since this condition could not be passively transferred by sera and blocking antibody activity was not demonstrable.

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