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November 2022

Effects of background music on musical task performance and subsequent music preference

Author(s): Nelson, J. K.

Journal/Book: Percept Mot Skills. 1979; 49: 39-45.

Abstract: The present study examined the effects of background music on performance of a musical task and on subsequent preference for that music. 60 music and 60 non-music majors heard background music in music-only or music-plus-task conditions, and a third group heard no music in a task-only condition. A preference test of four musical excerpts, including the backgroung music excerpt, was administered subsequently to all three groups of subjects. Although music majors scored higher than non-majors, background music did not differentially affect task scores. Music students exhibited a differential preference following both musical conditions, while non-music subjects demonstrated differential preference only following the music-only condition.

Keyword(s): Auditory Perception|. Choice Behavior|. Music|

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