Private school activities and psychosomatic problems in Japanese children
Journal/Book: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 1975; 5: 161-5.
Abstract: This paper investigates the relation between private school activities and psychosomatic problems in Japanese elementary school children. Of 1,073 children studied, 67.3 percent attended private schools to study such subjects as calligraphy, abacus, and music. Of these children, 25.3 percent attended three to four times per week, and 18.1 percent five times and more. Statistical analysis showed that frequently attending children exhibited symptoms of dizziness, sleep disturbance, and other psycholphsiological problems. The results may warn educators as well as parents of some of the unfavorable effects of these extracurricular activities.
Keyword(s): Child. Enuresis/etiology. Female. Human. Japan. Male. Mutism/etiology. Psychophysiologic Disorders/etiology. Schools. Sleep Disorders/etiology. Stress, Psychological. Vertigo/etiology