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October 2021

The use of a token economy program with mentally retarded persons in a music therapy setting

Journal/Book: Journal of Music Therapy. 1975; 12: 155-160.

Abstract: Investigated the effects of an 11-wk token economy program on the behavior of 16 Ss (CA 13-19 yrs; IQs 60-70) in music therapy sessions. An increase in appropriate behavior and a decrease in inappropriate behavior was observed. These results suggest that the token economy programs might well become standard procedure. ABSTRACT 2: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a token economy program on the behaviors of institutionalized mentally retarded persons in a music therapy setting. Sixteen subjects (CA 13-19 years, IQ 50-70) were utilized for the study. Behaviors for reinforcement and extinction were designated from a baseline measure. A token program was applied to these behaviors for an eleven week period. Results indicated significance at the .001 level for increase in appropriate behaviors and decrease in inappropriate behaviors.

Note: token economy program; increase in appropriate behavior; mentally retarded Ss in music therapy setting

Keyword(s): Token economy programs; music therapy; mentally retarded. mental-retardation, developmental-disabilities, token-economy, adolescents, educable, institutionalized, behavior-modification, behavior-modification-techniques.

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