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October 2021

Vocal responses of mentally retarded subjects to four musical instruments

Journal/Book: Journal of Music Therapy. 1975; 12: Silver Spring, Maryland, USA. National Association for Music Therapy. 40-43.

Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to study the use of piano, guitar, pipe organ, and the electronic organ as an accompaniment to elicit vocal responses. Sixteen mentally retarded subjects were used, ranging in ages from eight to twenty-one years, with I.Q.'s from below ten to sixty. Four familiar songs were presented with the following instrumental accompaniments: (a) pipe organ, (b) electronic organ, (c), guitar, and (d) piano. Vocal responses to the four accompaniments were independently rated by judges, and the results indicated the piano to elicit greater vocal responses from the subjects with p <.10.

Keyword(s): vocal, responses, mental-retardation, developmental-disabilities, musical-instruments, piano, guitar.

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