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September 2019

Stimulus fading and schedule learning in generalizing and maintaining behaviors

Author(s): Zinner, Carol C.

Journal/Book: Journal of Music Therapy. 1974; 11: 84-96.

Abstract: Attempted to determine whether experimentally verified conditions for generalization and maintenance could be applied in a music therapy clinic. The Ss were 2 retarded boys at a state hospital and training center. A music preference test (Cotter and Toombs, 1966) was given to each. Both Ss preferred music to white or ambient noise, and both selected children's music and rock-and-roll music. Initial therapy goals were achieved: (a) to increase accuracy of color discriminations, and (b) to increase on-task behaviors, defined as proximity to the task and absence of vocalizations. Results demonstrate that the amount of therapist time and attention required to establish desired behaviors could be gradually decreased if specific plans for maintaining behaviors were applied.

Note: stimulus fading & schedule learning; music therapy; retarded boys

Keyword(s): Mentally retarded; music therapy

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